Foot and ankle problems usually fall into the following categories:
- Acquired from improper footwear, physical stress, or small mechanical changes within the foot.
- Arthritic foot problems, which typically involve one or more joint.
- Congenital foot problems, which occur at birth, are generally inherited.
- Infectious foot problems, which are caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal disorders.
- Neoplastic disorders, usually called tumors, which are the result of abnormal growth of tissue and may be benign or malignant.
- Traumatic foot problems, which are associated with foot and ankle injuries.
Foot lumps are soft tissue masses (not bone) that can occur anywhere on the foot. They can be caused by soft tissue swelling, sacs of fluid, fatty tissue, and nerve, vessel or muscle enlargements. Foot lumps may be without pain (asymptomatic) or they can cause pain and affect the function of the foot. Painful foot lumps can be treated by the foot and ankle surgeon using a variety of conservative treatments. In some cases, surgery may be necessary.
For more information, visit Bunions, Tailor's Bunion, Accessory Navicular Syndrome, Haglunds Deformity, Plantar Fibroma, Ganglion Cyst.