Foot and ankle problems usually fall into the following categories:
- Acquired from improper footwear, physical stress, or small mechanical changes within the foot.
- Arthritic foot problems, which typically involve one or more joint.
- Congenital foot problems, which occur at birth, are generally inherited.
- Infectious foot problems, which are caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal disorders.
- Neoplastic disorders, usually called tumors, which are the result of abnormal growth of tissue and may be benign or malignant.
- Traumatic foot problems, which are associated with foot and ankle injuries.
Eczema is a general term that includes many conditions that cause inflammation of the skin. The symptoms of eczema vary, but generally appear as dry, red, extremely itchy patches of skin. Small blisters may sometimes form.
Eczema can occur on any part of the body including the foot. It occurs in both children and adults and is not contagious. There is no known cause for eczema, but it often affects people with a family history of allergies.
Although there is no cure for this disease, treatments make it very manageable. The most helpful treatment is to prevent scratching. Cold compresses can be applied to help reduce itching. Lotions and creams are often used to help keep the skin as moist as possible. Corticosteroid creams can also be used to help reduce inflammation. The first step in effective treatment of eczema is a correct diagnosis. After examination and diagnosis, a foot and ankle surgeon can recommend the best treatment for you or your child.